The Holy Great Sufi Khawaja Garib Nawaz Shrine Ajmer Sharif Rajasthan India
The Sufi Shrine of Ajmer Sharif Rajasthan India,
Ajmer Sharif Shrine India
Contribution of Khwaja Sufis to Indian
culture and society
The message of Gharib Nawaz and the Saints of Chishtiya denomination was echoed by the Saints of Bhakti movement. The fact that the religious leadership of the Bhaki movement in the 14th and the 15th centuries came from the lower strata of Hindu society a section which had been deeply influenced by the Chishty Sufis and their Khanqah life is too significant to be ignored. Probably never before in the long history of Hinduism, religious leaders had sprung from those strata of society to which Chaitanya, Kabir, Nanak, Dhanna, Dadu and others belonged. There was hardly any Saint of the Bhakti school who had not passed some of his time in a Khanqah of Chishty Saint.
A mind which failed to see any wisdom or truth in any way of life or thought except his own, was the greatest obstacle to the growth of syncretistic tendencies. The Chishty Saints adopted an attitude of sympathy and understanding towards all cults and creeds. For example Amir Khusrau, an exponent of Chishty ideology and a favourite and beloved disciple of Hazrat Nizamuddin Auliya exhorted his co-religionists : A-e-K-e-Zebut Tana ba Hindu Bari, Hum Azo Amoz Parastishgari. (O you who sneer at the idolatry of the Hindu, learn also from him how worship is done.)
This broad and cosmopolitan outlook helped in breaking that spirit of mistrust and isolation which honeycombed relations between the various culture groups of India and paved way for rapprochement at all levels, social and ideological. Amir Khusrau who is, by far, the most powerful exponent of this attitude of Chishty Sufis, refers to Hindu customs and ceremonials in a spirit which must have been instrumental in discovering the principles of essential unity between different religions.
Sufi Hameeduddin Nagauri adopted the life style of Rajasthani peasants. He became a vegetarian, mixed with the local inhabitants and learnt their language. Baba Farid lived upon Pelu and dela which grow in Punjab. Eminent Sufis and Yogis used to meet at his Jamaat Khana to discuss and practise Sufism. His Punjabi poetry which is full of teachings and mysticism is given place in Guru Grantha Saheb as it was very much liked by Guru Nanak Ji. Shiekh Nizamuddin Aaulia attracted largest crowds after Khwaja Moinuddin Hasan Chishti. Thousands of people used to live upon the Langar distributed from his langar khana. Such people included Muslims as well as Non-Muslims. His broad-mindedness can be adjudged by the fact that once he saw a procession of Hindu devotees with music and chanting proceeding towards Jamuna. He uttered “Har quame raast rahey din-ey wa quibla gahey” i.e. every people has its own path of righteousness, beliefs and focus of adulation. This shows the inborn sense of toleration and appreciation of other religious traditions by Chishty Sufis
Chishty Sufi Hazrat Amir Khusro is the embodiment of cultural ethos of India by being inventor of Sitar and so many Ragas, Raginis, Pahelis, Geet and Sufi renderings and so he is called Tuti-e-Hind (Nightingale of India)
Music has been another field to which the Chishty saints contributed generously. They came to realize that, like poetry, music also stimulated emotions to the ecstatic state, necessary for union with God. The Chishtiya order, sanctioned Sama based on musical rhythms that enhanced the effect of poetry. They enabled the devotee to plunge into a state of trance called Haal. The effectiveness of Sama can be gauged by the fact that many Sufis embraced death while listening to certain poetic lines which intensely affected their heart. It is said that Khwaja Bakhtiyar Kaki spiritual successor of Hazrat Khwaja Moinuddin Hasan Chishty (R.A.) surrendered his life while hearing the following lines:
Har zamana ghaib jane digarast.
(To those who have been killed by the dagger of submission,There comes new life every moment from the unseen world.)
Chishty order of Sufis, and their spiritual mission is to shatter the barriers which stands between man and man for diverse reasons and knit them together in common bond of fraternity, love, regardless of religion, caste or creed affiliations. We also believe and practise that God is symbolic of love and the entire humanity in its diverse form constitute a single family. It is indeed almost a-kin and similar to the VEDANTA PRINCIPLE “VASU DHEVA KUTUMBAKAM" (THE WORLD IS ONE FAMILY)
Important Dargahs of Chishty Sufis in Indian sub-continent :
1. Hazrat Khwaja Moinuddin Hasan Chishty, Ajmer Sharif.
2. Hazrat Khwaja Qutubuddin Bakhtiyar Kaki, Delhi (Mehroli).
3. Hazrat Baba Fariduddin Masood Ganj-e-Shakar, Pak Pattan Sharif, Pakistan.
4. Hazrat Nizamuddin Auliya , Delhi.
5. Hazrat Alauddin Sabir Kalyari, Kalyar Distt. Rurki (Uttaranchal).
6. Hazrat Nasiruddin Chiragh, Delhi
7. Hazrat Gaisu Daraz Banda Nawaz, Gulbarga Sharif (Karnataka)
8. Hazrat Amir Khusro, Delhi.
9. Hazrat Sufi Hamiduddin Suwali, Nagaur (Rajasthan).
10. Hazrat Khwaja Fakhruddin Chishty, Sarwar Sharif, Ajmer.
11. Hazrat Hisamuddin Jigar Sokhta, Sanbhar Lake (Rajasthan).
12. Hazrat Jamaluddin Hanswi, Hansi (Hariyana).
13. Hazrat Jahangir Ashraf Samnani, Kachocha Sharif (U.P.).
14. Hazrat Waris Ali Shah Dewa Sharif (U.P.).
15. Hazrat Shah Sarang Machgaon, Bara Banki.
16. Hazrat Shah Meena, Lucknow (U.P.).
17. Hazrat Bu Ali Shah Kalander, Panipat (Hariyana).
18. Hazrat Shamsuddin Turk, Panipat (Hariyana).
19. Hazrat Jalaluddin Kabirul Auliya.
20. Hazrat Syed Abdur Razzaque Bansa Sharif, Bara Banki.
21. Hazrat Makhdoom Abdul Haque, Rudoli Sharif, Bara Banki.
22. Hazrat Abdul Quddus Gangohi, Gangoh (Saharanpur)
Temperatures are very high during summers and very low during winters. Ajmer has a typical desert type of climate. The best period to visit Ajmer is between October and March.
What to see
Ajmer offers a plethora of spiritual and cultural delights. We list below a selection of major attractions of Ajmer.
The Great Holy Sufi Shrine (Holy Dargah Ajmer Sharif india)
It is the final resting-place of the Sufi Saint Khwaja Moinuddin Hasan Chishti. The Dargah of Gharib Nawaz is visited by millions of people from all over the world, irrespective of caste and religion. For more details, click here.
Chillah Sharief of Hazrat Ghous-Ul-Azam
The place of meditation of Hazrat Abdul Qadir Jilani (ra), better known as Ghous-Ul-Azam is located atop a hill overlooking the shrine of Hazrat Khwaja Moinuddin Hasan Chishti.Ghous-Ul-Azam was a contemporary of Hazrat Usman Harooni and Hazrat Khwaja Moinuddin Hasan Chishti.
He was a great Sufi Saint and has left for humanity a treasure of writings and teachings based upon the tenets of the Holy Quran and the Hadith.
He was the founder of the Qadirriya Order of Sufis. Millions of devotees throng to his Chillah to invoke his blessings.
Chillah Sharief of Hazrat Khwaja Moinuddin Hasan
Chishti and the Usmani Chillah
Situated atop a hill overlooking the Ana Sagar Lake, the Chillah Sharief is where Khwaja Gharib Nawaz meditated for forty days continuously. Here also lie the holy relics of his spiritual guide, Hazrat Khwaja Usman Harooni. Flanking the sides of the meditation place of Khwaja Gharib Nawaz are the holy shrines,
One of the finest examples of Indo-Islamic architecture, this mosque was a Sanskrit college in the 12th century. In 1193 AD Mohammad Ghori converted the college into a mosque. The mosque is built on pillars and surprisingly no two pillars are alike. The archways are finely engraved with Kufi and Jughra inscriptions from the Holy Koran. It is said that the entire mosque was reconstructed in an amazingly short period of two and a half days - thus the name Adhai Din Ka Jhonpara (A hut of two and a half days)
Built in the 7th century by Ajaipal Chauhan, the fort gives a bird's eye view of the city. Taragarh Fort or the 'Star Fort' is situated on a hill and to reach there, one has to take winding bridle path. Situated atop the hill is the Holy Shrine of Martyr Sawar Sharief.
Ana Sagar Lake
Ana Sagar Lake is located towards the north of the city. The famous lake was built between 1135-1150 AD by Anaji. Later, the Mughal Emperors made additional constructions around the lake to add to its splendour. Shah Jahan built a marble pavilion now called the Baradari, while Emperor Jehangir laid the beautiful Daulat Bagh gardens, where people still go in plenty to walk and enjoy the greenery.
The Royal Palace of Akbar was converted into a museum and today it houses a rich collection of Mughal and Rajput armoury. Many fine and delicate sculptures of the region have been displayed here. The building itself is constructed in red sandstone, which has been laid in a square pattern giving it a beautiful look.
Nasiyan (Jain Temple)
This red coloured temple was built in the late 19th century. The wooden gilt in the double storied hall depicts scenes from Jain mythology. It is an interesting place to visit. Offers examples of fine craftsmanship.
Mayo College History
The origin of Mayo College, one of the oldest Public Schools in the country, dates back to 1869, when Lt. Col. F.K.M. Walter, the Political Agent of the Bharatpur Agency recommended a school in India "for a large number of pupils, with a staff thoroughly educated- not mere bookworms, but men fond of field sports and outdoor exercise....". In 1870, Lord Mayo, the then Viceroy and Governor General, came to Ajmer, where in a Darbar, before the Chiefs of the ruling Princes of Rajputana, he expressed his desire to set up a 'Raj Kumar College' in Ajmer, "devoted exclusively to the education of the sons of Chiefs, Princes and leading Thakurs." It is interesting to point out that several generations of the descendents of many present at that darbar have since continued to study at Mayo College. The College was opened in October 1875, with Sir Oliver St. John as the first Principal and one boy, Maharaja Mangal Singh of Alwar. The Main Building was completed in 1885 and was designed by Major Mant. Some of the greatest changes in the school were brought about by Mr. Stow who was the Principal from 1931-1943. In the same year, the Viceroy ceased to be the President of the General Council. This body was in future presided over by a ruling Prince elected by the council. Today, students from all walks of life, study in this prestigious school and make complete use of the many facilities offered.
The Sister City of Ajmer, Pushkar is only 11 Kms away from the city. The road to Pushkar passes through the Nag Pahar or the Snake Mountain. It is a sacred city of Hindus and boasts of the only existing temple in Asia dedicated to Lord Brahma. According to Hindu Mythology, this lake was formed when a lotus flower fell in the valley from the hands Lord Brahma. There are 52 bathing ghats around the Pushkar Lake and each of them is supposed to be endowed with special mystical powers. For instance, the Naga Kund is for fertility, the Roop Tirth is for beauty while the Kapil Vyapi Kund is said to possess powers that can help cure Leprosy. The famous Pushkar fair is held every year on the Kartik Purnima (Full moon during the Hindu month of Kartik). This fair is famous for its animal bazaar where cattle and herds of camel are traded between villagers from nearby. A time for celebrations and festivities is made bright and colourful with folk dancers and traditional folk musicians performing round the clock.
Kishangarh was an ancient school of art where painting miniatures had reached a pinnacle of excellence and worldwide acclaim. 27 Kms from Ajmer, towards Jaipur, Kishangarh is now an important town for Marble mining and trade. This town of artists is also famous for Gundelao Lake, Phool Mahal Palace, Temple of Sri Kalyan Raiji and the Majhala palace.
Syed Sameer Chishty Shah
s/o Syed Sultan Chishty Shah
Gaddi Nashin Aastana-e-Aliya Ghareeb Nawaz
111 , Faiz Manzil, Nathwan Shah, Khadim Mohalla, Dargah Sharif
Ajmer-305001 (Raj.) India
| Khwaja Qutbuddin | Khwaja Fariduddin | Khwaja Nizamuddin | Khwaja Sabir Pak | Khwaja Nasiruddin |
| Khwaja Banda Nawaz | Bu Ali Shah | Amir Khusro | Waris Pak | Chishti Sufi Sama Qawwali |